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Energy

The growth in the commercial and industrial sector in Cambodia creates an opportunity for power generation.  Currently, the demand in power is been met by a combination of the power utility Electricite du Cambodge and privately-owned generators.  The Cambodian government is actively seeking investors for the energy sector as demand and industrialization continue to increase.
Cambodia's hydropower potential is still relatively untapped, although numerous sites on various rivers have been identified as suitable for hydropower generators.  Most of the potential hydroelectric sites are located in the northeast and southwest regions of the country.

Transportation

Land transportation

Cambodia's land transportation infrastructure is not well developed.  Much of the 34,100 kilometre road network is in need of repair and upgrading, and a great deal of new roads are required to link rural areas to towns and cities.  Multilateral and bilateral donors, such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, and the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA), are contributing to Cambodia's Five-Year Master Plan for reconstruction and rehabilitation of the national road network.  In addition to the public works, several private construction projects are either underway or currently being planned.

Water transportation

Water transportation is an important means of moving goods and people throughout much of Cambodia because of the lengthy rivers and tributaries, but also because of the inadequate road network.  The ports in Sihanouville and Phnom Penh offer a huge potential for expanding regional trade but their berthing facilities and equipment are in need of substantial improvement, thus providing several opportunities for investment and services.

Air transportation

The two international airports in Cambodia (Phnom Penh and Siem Reap) are in the process of being upgraded and expanded, with much of the financing coming from the Asian Development Bank.  There are also several provincial airports or airfields that are no longer functioning but could serve as potential investments.

Construction and Engineering

Now that the decades of civil war are over, Cambodia is embarking on an ambitious reconstruction phase to repair old and damaged infrastructure and put in place new, modern infrastructure for the 21st century.  As a result, construction and engineering services are in high demand by both the public sector and private sector.  With significant amounts of foreign aid and loans coming into the country, numerous opportunities are available for construction and engineering projects.  Foreign firms are estimated to account for over 75 percent of total sales in construction and engineering.

Agriculture

Cambodia has several regions suitable for a number of crops including rubber, soy bean, sugar palm, coffee, pepper, cashew nuts, fruit trees, rice, and others.  There are significant tracts of available land for livestock rearing.  In addition to the cultivation of crops, the government is encouraging increased yields through improved irrigation, new technology and equipment, and related support services.

Minerals

According to the Ministry of Industry, Mines, and Energy, Cambodia's mineral wealth is still undetermined because of the lack of studies conducted to assess the country's natural resources.  Numerous minerals are known to be present, such as zircon, gold, base metals, gems, coal, dolomite, marble, and manganese, but the exact amounts are uncertain.  Most of the known deposits are located in the northern half of the country, but a few areas in the south also contain deposits.  Numerous opportunities are available for exploration of minerals.  Furthermore, many of the known deposits are not being tapped because of the lack of roads and equipment.

Pharmaceuticals

Due to the high rate of illness and disease in this poverty-stricken country, Cambodia purchases significant amounts of pharmaceuticals from other countries.  Pharmaceuticals is a multimillion dollar industry (in terms of sales) in Cambodia.  Private sector pharmacies and clinics are springing up rapidly throughout the country, providing numerous outlets for pharmaceuticals.

Automotive Industry

The demand for automobiles, particularly used cars and sport utility vehicles, and auto parts is increasing steadily in Cambodia.  With numerous foreign aid agencies present in Cambodia and a rapidly expanding nouveau riche class, the automotive industry is becoming a lucrative sector.

Tourism

Cambodia's tourism industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy.  Numerous tour operators, hotels, and restaurants have opened since the mid-1990s, but as long as the number of tourist arrivals continues to increase, there is still plenty of opportunity for new investment.  Also, the government strongly encourages investment in the tourism sector, especially as more parts of the country are becoming accessible.  Eco-tourism and cultural tourism (aside from Angkor Wat) are essentially just getting started in Cambodia, and the country's pristine forested and mountainous areas are seen as a new frontier in eco-tourism.
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