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Getting There

Tourist visas for Myanmar are valid for 28 days and can usually be issued the same day when applied for from any Myanmar Embassy or Consulate worldwide. Three types of visas are available: foreign individual tourists, business, and package tour.  Foreign individual tourists and business visa holders are required to purchase US$ 300 worth of Foreign Exchange Certificates (FEC) upon arrival in Myanmar (FEC 1= US$1), while holders of package tour visas do not need to purchase FEC. However, a confirmation letter of one's booking through a tour operator is required when applying for a package tour visa. Tourist visas cost US$20, while business visas cost US$32. 
By air: Myanmar is served internationally by Myanma Airways International, Thai Airways International, Indian Airlines International, Silk Air, Malaysia Airlines, Air China, Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, and Air Mandalay. Generally, these flights run well below capacity. For the month of April 2000, there were 281 flights to Yangon International Airport with a seat capacity of 48,104. The utilization rate was only 14,593 seats -or 30.34 percent. However, in the winter months of October to April, the Bangkok-Yangon route in particular is heavily booked. 
Air travel within Myanmar is served by Air Mandalay, Yangon Airways, and Myanmar Airways en route to Mandalay, Bagan, Thandwe, Heho, Sittway, Tachiliek, Myiek and Kawthoung. 
By sea: Cruise ships call at Yangon Port with visas on arrival granted on prior arrangement. 
Overland: Overland entry with a border pass is permitted at the following checkpoints: Kyuukoke, Namkhan, and Muse on the Myanmar-Yunnan (China) border; and Tachileik, Myawaddy, and Kawthaug on the Myanmar-Thailand border.  Note that these points can be closed without notice, and thus it is advisable to check in advance. 

Hotel Accommodations

Up to March 2000, the country had 512 hotels, motels and guesthouses, with a total of 14,541 rooms. One-hundred-and-fifty-nine of these establishments are in Yangon.  Twenty-one of the hotels involve foreign investment. 

Places Of Interest

The diverse geography of the country offers a host of attractions - natural, anthropological, religious, cultural and ecological. With a long coastline of nearly 1,800 kilometres, Myanmar is rich in marine bio-diversity. Unpolluted by industry and oilspills and unspoiled by over-development, its seas still remain an idyllic habitat of marine life. 
For security reasons, the government does not allow free travel to all parts of the country, especially the Golden Triangle area in the north. The standard destinations are the capital Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan, Inle Lake, and the Taunggyi quadrangle. For other areas one generally needs a permit and/or a guide, if one is allowed to go at all. 

Yangon

Yangon lies in the fertile delta country of southern Myanmar on the Yangon River about 30 kilometres from the sea. It has a population of approximately four million people. Yangon’s most celebrated attraction is the gold-plated Shwedagon Pagoda, which dominates the city. The present monument was built in the 18th century and is surrounded by statues, temples, shrines, images and pavilions. Other sights include the colonial architecture of the Strand Hotel, the giant reclining Buddha in Chaukhtatgyi Pagoda and the peaceful Kandawgyi and Inya Lakes. 

Mandalay 

The sprawling city was the last capital of Myanmar before the British took over and is the country’s second-largest city. Highlights of Mandalay include Shwenandaw Kyaung, the sole remaining building of the once extravagant moated palace; Mandalay Hill, with its spiraling stairways, temples and views; and the ancient Rakhine Buddha image at Mahamuni Paya.  Several markets and handicraft shops are found throughout Mandalay. 

Bagan 

Bagan represents the pinnacle of Myanmar culture with its multitude of stunning pagodas and temples on the banks of the Ayeyarwady. Along with the ruins of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, Bagan is one of the ancient wonders of Asia with its more than 5,000 temples. Bagan's heyday was in the 11th to the 13th centuries. 

Bago 

During the Mon dynasty, Bago was a fabulous city, a major seaport and capital of lower Myanmar. The city was destroyed in 1757 but partially restored in the early 19th century. When the Bago River changed its course and cut the city off from the sea, Bago failed to return to its previous grandeur. Sights include the Shwemawdaw Pagoda which dominates the town, the Hintha Gone Pagoda and the 55m (180 ft) long, reclining Shwethalyaung Buddha. 

Beaches 

Tourist authorities are placing increased emphasis on beach holidays. To date, some of the main areas include: 
•    Ngapali Beach, on the Rakhine coast, is an hour's flight frorn Yangon. It is an unspoiled beach stretching over three kilometres. There is an 18-hole golf course nearby. 
•   Chaung-tha Beach is 40 kilometres to the west of Pathein in Ayeyawaddy Division, a five-hour drive from Yangon. It has three be ach hotels. 
•    Kanthaya Beach is on the Rakhine coast and about 290 kilometres from Yangon. 
•    Maung-ma-gan Beach is a long shallow unspoiled area only a 75-minute flight from Yangon. 
 

Embassies

There are 26 foreign embassies in Myanmar and they are: 
 

Australia
88, Strand Road, 
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)251810,251797,251809 
Fax: (951) 246159
Bangladesh 
56, Kaba Aye Pagoda, 
Bahan Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)549556,549557 Fax:(951) 546745
Brunei 
98-A, Kaba Aye Pagoda, Bahan Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 549152, 540377 
Fax: (951) 549338
China 
1, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd, 
Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 221280, 221281 
Fax: (951) 227019
Egypt 
81 Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)222886,222887 
Fax:(951)222865
France 
102, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha 
Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 282122, 282418 
Fax: (951) 287759
Germany 
32, Natmauk Street, 
Bahan Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)548951,548952 
Fax: (951) 548899
India 
545-547, Merchant Street, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)282550,282551 Fax:(951)254086
Indonesia 
100, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 281714, 281358 
Fax: (951) 282675
Israel
49, Pyay Road, 
Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 282550, 282551 
Fax: (951) 254086
Italy 
3, Inya Myaing Road, 
Golden Valley, 
Bahan Tsp, Yangon
Tel:(951)527100,527101 Fax:(951)533670
Japan 
100, Natmauk Road, 
Bahan Tsp, Yangon
Tel: (951) 549644, 549645 
Fax: (951) 549643
Korea 
97, University Avenue, 
Bahan Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)527142,527143 
Fax: (951) 513286
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 
A-1, Diplomatic Quarters, Tawwin St, 
Dagon Tsp,Yangon 
Tel: (951) 222482 
Fax: (951) 227446
Malaysia 
82, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha 
Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 220248, 220249 
Fax: (951) 221840

Nepal 
16, Natmauka Yeiktha Lane, 
Tawne Tsp, Yangon, 
Tel:(951)550633,553168 
Fax: (951) 549803

Pakistan 
A-4 Diplomatic Quarters, 
Pyay Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon, P.O.Box 581 
Tel:(951)222881,222882 
Fax: (951) 221147

Philippines 
50, Pyay Road, 6 ½ Mile, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 525688, 525700 
Fax: (951) 524084

Singapore 
326, Pyay Road, 
Sangyoung Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)525688,525700 
Fax: (951) 525734

Sri Lanka 
34 Tawwin Street, 
Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 222812 
Fax: (951) 221509

Thailand 
45, Pyay Road, 6 ½ Mile, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 525670, 533082 Fax: (951) 527792

The Russian Federation 
38, Sagawa Road, 
Dagon Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)241955,254161 
Fax: (951) 241953

United Kingdom 
80, Kan-na Road, 
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon 
Tel:(951)281700,281702
Fax: (951) 289566

U.S.A 
581, Merchant Street, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 282055, 282056 
Fax: (951) 280409

Vietnam 
36, Wingaba Road, 
Bahan Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 548905, 549302 
Fax: (951) 548329

Yugoslavia 
114 A, Inya Road, 
Kamayut Tsp, Yangon 
Tel: (951) 532655, 532822 Fax: (951) 532831

 

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