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Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

Introduction

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITIES) was signed by 80 countries in March 1973 and amended at Bonn in 1979 with the firm goal of protecting species of fauna and flora from the negative effect of International trade. The preamble states ,
a) Recognizing that wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and varied forms are irreplaceable:
b) Recognizing that peoples and states are and should be the best protectors of their own wild fauna and flora:
c) Conscious of the ever growing value of wild fauna and flora from the aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational and economic points of view;
d) Recognizing in addition, that international cooperation is essential for the protection of certain species of world fauna and flora against over exploitation through international trade;
e) Convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end:
Today, nearly 160 parties including nations of the Greater Mekong Sub-region have subscribed to the convention and species of wild fauna and flora are listed in the three Appendices viz; Appendix I which prohibits international trade in fauna and flora except under special circumstances, Appendix II which controls the international trade of these flora and fauna , Appendix III which restricts international trade of certain flora and fauna from certain countries.
The Greater Mekong River is a one of longest and largest rivers in the world. It flows with a fertile wealth of its biodiversity comprising nearly 1300 species of fish a well known' Giant Cat fish' one of the largest fresh water fish from China in the North through Myanmar, Lao, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. This Greater Mekong region covers area of 2.3 million squire kilometer and is rich in natural resources with tropical forest, a wide variety of minerals, petroleum, natural gas and coal.

 

 
Cambodia Myanmar Lao PDR Thailand Vietnam Yunnan
No of articles accepted 25 25 25 25 25 25
Year enacted http://www.exxun. Com/ 1997
http://www.exxun. Com/
http://www.exxun. Com/ 1983
http://www.exxun. Com/
http://www.exxun. Com/ 1975
Form of trade -- -- -- -- -- --
Forest ecosystem Ivory, Baby elephant, Body parts as traditional medicine Meat, Skin rugs, Pets and tourism, Souvenirs, Decorations, Snake skin products, Ivory, Baby elephant, Body parts as traditional medicine, Meat, Skin ,Pets and tourism, Souvenirs, Turtle shell, Leather products, Ivory, Body parts as traditional medicine, Meat, Skin Pets and tourism, Souvenir, Leather products, Ivory, Baby elephant, Body parts as traditional medicine, Meat, Skin rugs, skull, claws, teeth, Pets trade and tourism, Souvenir, Wild meat tonic foods Snake skin products Bears' paw soup Ivory,  Baby elephant, Body parts as traditional medicine, Meat, Skin ,Pets and tourism, Souvenir, Snake skin products Turtle shell, Ivory, Baby elephant, Body parts as as traditional medicine, Meat, Skin ,Pets and tourism, Souvenir,  Turtle shell,
Fresh water ecosystem Food, Aquarium Food, Aquarium Food, Aquarium Food, Aquarium Food ,Aquarium Food, Aquarium
Marine Ecosystem Shark Fin soup, Shark Fin soup, -- Shark Fin soup, Shark Fin soup, Shark Fin soup,
Endangered Species -- -- -- -- -- --
Forest ecosystem Elephants, Tigers, bears, Asiatic Black bears, Snakes, Crocodile,  Hill mynas  Elephants, Tigers, gaur, silvered leaf, bears, tapir, Asian rhinoceros, musk pangolin Snakes Elephants, Tigers, bears, Asiatic Black bears, Snakes, musk pangolin Elephants, Tigers bears, Asiatic Black bears, Snakes, gaur, monkeys, gibbons, leopards, panthers, Dugongs, Monitor Lizards Elephants, Tigers, bears, Asiatic Black bears, Hill mynas, Snakes Elephants, Tigers, bears, Hill Mynas, Snakes bears, tapir, musk Pandas
Fresh water ecosystem Giant catfish Giant catfish Giant catfish Tiger perch Asian Arowana, Tiger perch Asian Arowana, Tiger perch Giant catfish Asian Arowana, Tiger perch
Marine ecosystem Irrawaddy-dolphin, Dugongs, Sea Turtles Dugongs, Sea Turtles -- Irrawaddy dolphin, Dugongs, Sea Turtles Irrawaddy-dolphins, Dugongs, Sea Turtles Irrawaddy -dolphins, Dugongs, Sea Turtles
Laws and Regulations Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management 1993, The Protection of Wildlife and Wild Plants and Conservation of Natural Areas Law (SLORC Law No/94), The State-owned Economic Enterprises Law1989,Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law (SLORC Law No 9 /90) Law on Environmental Protection 1998,Forest Law 1996,Water and Water Resources Law 1996,Decree No.118 of the Council of Ministers on the Management .List of prohibited plants and animals Under decree No118,Prime Ministerial decree No 164 on National Biodiversity Conversation Areas, COM Decree 185,Defining the Protection of Certain Species of Wild Animals 1991 Plant variety Protection Bill 1994, Traditional Medicine Bill, Tai Patent Act 1992 ,Wild Animals Reservation and Protection Act 1972, Seeds Act 1975, Plant Quarantine Act Promotion of Wildlife Protection Law on Forest Protection and Development Promotion of Wildlife Protection Law on Forest Protection and Development
Authorized Agencies Ministry of Environment National Council of Environment, Affairs (NCEA), Ministry of Forestry, Ministry Of Fisheries Science, Technology and Environment Organization Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of agriculture Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment
http://www.moste.gov.vn
 
Ministry of agriculture

More information is available from following websites:

www.cities.org
www.stats4all,com/asp/login.asp?sSiteName=bdm
www.biodiv.org/
www.onep.go.th
www.forest.go/botany/flora/forest_type.htm
www.wwfindochina.org/conservation/marine/marine.htm
www.stayfinder.com/travelguide/thailand/sights_and_attractions/thailand.
www.asiaobserver.com/burma/
www.mekonginfo.org/
www.exxun.com/ekio/ea_CITES.html
www.zhb.gov.cn/
www.tatnews.org/others/2249.asp

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