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ILO Conventions Comparison

 Introduction



Since 1919, ILO gradually developed a system of standards for improving promotion and protection certain basic human rights, social security and condition of living and work. Membership has now increased from 42 countries to 177. The number of international labour instruments such as conventions and recommendations now reached to 385. Of which 185 conventions, 6 protocol, and 194 recommendations. The Conventions and recommendations are established by two third majority of the vote cast at ILO Conference.

Ratification of Conventions

"Undertaking specific obligations, even under the fundamental ILO conventions, thus remains a voluntary commitment, but one that should be given priority consideration and duly reviewed on a tripartite basis and at regular intervals. If a member obtains the consent of the authority or authorities within whose competence the matter lies, it will communicate the formal ratification of the convention to the Office. No specific requirements are laid down in the Constitution regarding the form of ratifications, which will vary according to the constitutional law and practice of individual nations.
A number of Conventions contain provisions concerning declarations to be made. In certain cases such declaration is compulsory to have ratification registered(e.g specifying the minimum age for admission to employment established by law in the case of Conventions No.138. In other cases, such a declaration is optional, i.e. necessary only if the ratifying State wishes to avail itself of certain permissive exclusions, exceptions, etc. or to extend the scope of application of the Convention. However, unless there are special provisions contained in the text of the Convention which permit ratifying States to limit or qualify the obligations assumed by ratification, the ILO does not accept its ratification with reservations.1 "

Why Ratification

"Ratification of International Labour Conventions is necessary to consolidate the progress towards social justice made on the national level in an institutionalized dialogue with the organization. On the international level, ratification by one country encourages other countries to also bring their law and practice in line with international standards. Ratification also means that a country accepts to be held accountable for its law and practice in an area which the ILO has identified as being of international concern"

Conventions Cambodia Lao PDR Myanmar Thailand Vietnam Yunnan, China
Year 1969 1948 1964 1919 1992 1919
Approved by National Legislature Supreme Authority Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
National Assembly
Ministry Of labour
National Assembly
Ministry of Labour Ministry of labour
National Assembly
Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
National Assembly
Ministry Of Labour
 
Conventions Ratified 12 4 21 14 16 23
Hours of Work Industry Convention (C1)
 
  Ratified
14.07.21

 

 

 
Unemployment Convention (C2)
 
  Ratified
14.07.21

 

 

 
Night Work (Women) Convention (C4) Ratified
24.02.69
Ratified
23.01.64
Ratified
14.07.21
Denounced
9.11.61

 

 

 
Night Work of Young Persons (Industry) Convention (C6) Ratified
24.02.69
Ratified
23.01.64
Ratified
14.07.21

 
Ratified
3.10.94

 
Minimum Age (Sea) Convention (C7)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
2.12.36
Denounced
28.04.99
Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention (C11) 
 

 
 
 
Ratified
11.05.23
 

 

 
Ratified
27.04.34 
 
White Lead Conventions (C13) Ratified
24.02.69
Ratified
23.01.64
Ratified
11.05.23

 

 

 
Minimum Age (Trimmers and Stokers) Convention (C7)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
2.12.36
Denounced
28.04.99
Weekly Rest( industry ) Convention (C14) 
 

 

 

 
Ratified
5.04.68 
 
Ratified
3.10.94 
 
Ratified
17.05.34 
 
Minimum Age (Trimmers and Stokers) Convention(C15)
 
  Ratified
20.11.22
 

 

 
Ratified
2.12.36
Denounced
28.04.99
Medical Examination of Young Persons Convention (C16)
 
  Ratified
20.11.22
 

 

 
Ratified
2.12.36
Workmen's Compensation Convention (C17)
 
  Ratified
16.02.56
 

 

 

 
Workmen's Compensation (Occupation Diseases) (C18) 
 

 
 
 
Ratified
30.09.27
 

 

 

 
Equality of Treatment (Accident Compensation) Convention ( C19)
 
  Ratified
30.09.27
 
Ratified
5.04.68

 
Ratified
27.04.34
Inspection of Emigrants Convention (C21)
 
  Ratified
14.01.28
 

 

 

 
Seamen's Articles of Agreement Convention (C22)
 
  Ratified
31.10.32
 

 

 
Ratified
2.12.36
Repatriation of Seamen Convention (C23) 
 

 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
2.12.36 
 
Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery Convention(C26)
 
  Ratified
21.05.54
 

 

 
Ratified
5.05.30
Marking of Weight (Packages Transported by Vessels) Convention (C27)
 
  Ratified
7.09.31
 

 
Ratified
3.10.94
Ratified
24.06.31
Forced Labour Convention (C29) Ratified
24.02.69
Ratified
23.01.64
Ratified
4.03.55
Ratified
26.02.69

 

 
Hours of Work Convention (30)
 

 

 

 

 

 
Protection against Accidents Convention(C32)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
30.11.35
Night Work (Women) Convention (revised) (C41)
 
 
Ratified
22.11.35
Denounced
30.03.67

 

 

 
Workmen's Compensation (Occupation Disease) Convention (C42)
 
  Ratified 
17.05.57
 

 

 

 
Underground Work (women) Convention (C45)
 

 

 

 
Ratified
3.10.94
Ratified
2.12.36
Holiday with Pay Convention (C52)
 
  Ratified
21.05.54
 

 

 

 
Minimum Age (Industry) Convention (C59)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
21.12.40
Denounced
28.04.99
Convention concerning Statistics of Wages and Hours of Work (C63)
 
  Ratified
24.11.61
 

 

 

 
Final Articles Revision Convention(C 80)
 

 

 
Ratified
5.12.47
Ratified
3.10.94
Ratified
4.08.47
Labour Inspection Convention (C81)
 

 

 

 
Ratified
3.10.94

 
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention (C87)
 
  Ratified
4.03.55
 

 

 

 
Employment Service Convention(C88)
 

 

 
Ratified
26.02.69

 

 
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention ( C98) Ratified
23.08.99

 

 

 

 

 
Equal Remuneration Convention (C100) Ratified
23.08.99

 

 
Ratified
8.02.99
Ratified 
7.10.97
Ratified
2.11.90
Abolition of Penal Sanctions (Indigenous Workers) Convention (C104)
 

 

 
Ratified
29.07.64

 

 
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (C105) Ratified
23.08.99

 

 
Ratified
2.12.69

 

 
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention (C111) Ratified
23.08.99

 

 

 
Ratified
7.10.97

 
Final Articles Revision Convention (C116)
 

 

 
Ratified
24.09.62
Ratified
3.10.94

 
Hygiene(Commerce and Offices) Convention (C120)
 

 

 

 
Ratified
3.10.94

 
Employment Policy Convention (C122) Ratified
28.09.71

 

 
Ratified
26.02.69

 
Ratified
17.12.97
Minimum Age (Under Ground Work) Convention (C123)
 

 

 
Ratified
5.04.68
Denounced
11.05.04
Ratified
20.0295

 
Medical Examination of Young Persons(Under ground Work)Convention (C124)
 

 

 

 
Ratified
3.10.94

 
Minimum Age Convention (C138) Ratified
23.08.99
minimum age specified : 14 years

 

 
Ratified
11.05.04
minimum age specified: 15 years
Ratified
2.06.03
Ratified
28.04.99
Minimum age specified :16 years
Tripartite Consultation Convention (C144)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
2.11.90
Labour Administration Convention (C150) Ratified
23.08.99

 

 

 

 
Ratified
7.03.02
Occupational Safety & Health Convention(C155) Ratified
3.10.94

 

 

 

 

 
Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Convention (C159)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
2.02.88
Safety and Health in Construction Convention (C167)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
7.03.02
Chemical Convention (C170)
 

 

 

 

 
Ratified
11.01.95
Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention(C174)
 

 

 

 

 

 
Part time Work Convention (C175)
 

 

 

 

 

 
Home Work Convention (177)
 

 

 

 

 

 
Private Employment Agency Convention (C181)
 

 

 

 

 

 
Worst Form of Child Labour Convention (C182)
 

 

 
Ratified
16.02.01
Ratified
19.12.00
Ratified
8.08.02
Maternity Protection Convention (C183)
 

 

 

 

 

 
Employment Injury Convention(C121)
 

 

 

 

 

 

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